Effects of dynamic disorder on exciton delocalization and photoinduced charge separation in DNA

Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
The nature of electronically excited states in DNA is analyzed in detail using a combination of quantum mechanical (QM) semiempirical calculations and molecular dynamics (MD). For this purpose, we consider homogeneous π stacks extracted from the MD trajectory of a poly(A)·poly(T) oligomer. The environment is accounted for within the QM/MM scheme. The effects of structural fluctuations on exciton delocalization and photoinduced charge separation are explored using the quantitative analysis of the electron density in the excited states. We distinguish the effects generated by the vibronic interactions within nucleobases and by the environment of the π stack. While in ideal B-DNA stacks (A–T)n singlet excited states are spread over all intrastrand nucleobases, the average exciton length is [similar]0.75n, thermal fluctuations decrease considerably the extent of...  Read more

Orientational Time Correlation Functions for Vibrational Sum-Frequency Generation. 1. Acetonitrile

The Journal of Physical Chemistry A
Orientational time correlation functions (TCFs) are derived for vibrational sum-frequency generation (VSFG) spectroscopy of the symmetric and asymmetric stretches of high-symmetry oscillators such as freely rotating methyl groups, acetylenic C–H groups, and cyanide groups. Molecular dynamics simulations are used to calculate these TCFs and the corresponding elements of the second-order response for acetonitrile at the liquid/vapor and liquid/silica interfaces. We find that the influence of reorientation depends significantly on both the functional group in question and the polarization conditions used. Additionally, under some circumstances, reorientation can cause the VSFG response function to grow with time, partially counteracting the effects of other dephasing mechanisms.Read more